History of Excavations


The hill of Karatepe and the site of Oglanqala


View of the Arpacay Pass from Oglanqala

Perched atop a 50 ha, 300 meter tall hill called Karatepe, Oğlanqala is probably the largest Iron Age fortress in Naxçıvan, Azerbaijan, and one of the largest in the South Caucasus. The site is located in a position to control the fertile Şərur plain, the most agriculturally productive area in Naxçıvan, and the Arpaçay pass into the Lesser Caucasus. Excavations at Oğlanqala in 1988–1989 by Vəli Baxşəliyev of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, uncovered tantalizing evidence that the site was an important political center during  the Iron Age (about 800 BCE to 50 AD). Five years of further survey and excavation from 2008–2013 by a team from the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, the University of Pennsylvania, and Emory University, provided important details about the history of this unique site that indicated that Oğlanqala was probably an independent polity in the middle Iron Age with economic and cultural connections to the neighboring powerful empire of Urartu, the location of an enigmatic monumental unfinished palace at the end or just after the fall of the Achaemenid empire, and a small town in the last centuries BCE.

Funding for survey and excavations at Oğlanqala has been provided by NSF Grant #0836388 and by the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

For more information about the site of Oğlanqala  go to:   http://www.oglanqala.net/


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s